New York News: The United States is home to the largest estimated recoverable reserves of coal in the world.
About 90 percent of the coal consumed in the US is used to generate electricity. The United States coal reserves constitute near 30 percent of the entire world’s coal supply.
Albanian Minerals President and CEO Sahit Muja said “The United States has more than 7 trillion tons of coal reserves. This coal would last over 7000 years at today’s consumption levels”.
EIA projected total coal consumption was 889 MMst in 2012 to 948 MMst in 2013 and 957 MMst in 2014. EIA expects consumption in the electric power sector to increase over the forecast period as a result of higher electricity demand and higher natural gas prices.
Alaska is estimated to hold more coal than the entire lower 48 states. the EIA’s estimate of recoverable coal reserves in Alaska is 2.8 billion short tons geological estimates by the US Geological Survey put the in-place figure at over 6 trillion short tons.
The biggest coal deposit by volume is the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana, which the USGS estimated to have 1.07 trillion short tons of in-place coal resources, 162 billion short tons of recoverable coal resources, and 25 billion short tons of economic coal resources.
In 2012, about 39 percent of all electricity in the United States was generated by coal-fired power plants, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Ohio State University has spend 15 years working in clean coal technique. Finally they have discovered a way to obtain the energy from coal without actually burning it, eliminating nearly all of the pollution.
Liang-Shih Fan, a chemical engineer and director of Ohio State’s Clean Coal Research Laboratory, explains the process, “We found a way to release the heat without burning coal. We carefully control the chemical reaction so that the coal never burns–it is consumed chemically, and the carbon dioxide is entirely contained inside the reactor.” The metal from the iron-oxide is recyclable and the only waste products are coal ash and water. If everything goes according to plan, Fan is confident that his discovery can be used to power energy plants within the next 10 years.
Research Associate Dawei Wang shared his thoughts regarding the benefits of this technology, “The commercial-scale CDCL plant could really promote our energy independence. Not only can we use America’s natural resources such as Ohio coal, but we can keep our air clean and spur the economy with job.
By: Mark Green
New York News